On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted with 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement the largest vote against the British government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of “substantial amendments,” so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.  The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: The agreement also provides for a transitional period that extends to 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.
  This allows for the necessary arrangements to deal with the particular circumstances of the island of Ireland and to avoid the creation of a hard border. Northern Ireland will remain in the EU`s internal goods market, but will leave the EU customs union. Essentially, the new solution means that Northern Ireland will apply all parts of the EU acquis that are needed to eliminate the need for border controls between Ireland and Northern Ireland, including with regard to customs duties and VAT. From a legal point of view, however, Northern Ireland will remain part of the CUSTOMS territory of the United Kingdom, which means that no tariffs will be applied to exports of goods from Great Britain which are proven not to leave Northern Ireland. For some defined products, no control is carried out – detailed regulation is left to the joint committee. The Northern Ireland Assembly in Stormont will have the opportunity to approve Northern Ireland, which remains in the agreement, for the first time four years after the end of the transition period and then every four years. If the Northern Ireland Assembly does not agree to maintain its mandate, a two-year period will begin, during which the Joint Committee will propose how to deal with the situation. The political statement refers to the autonomy of regulation and decision-making of each bloc and its ability to make equivalency decisions in its own interest.