2. Membership decisions are made by the Ministerial Conference. The Ministerial Conference approves the agreement on the terms of membership by a two-thirds majority of WTO members. 3. The agreements listed in Schedule 4 and related legal instruments (so-called multilateral trade agreements) are also part of this agreement for the members who have adopted them and are binding on those members. Multilateral trade agreements do not create obligations or rights for Members who have not accepted them. There is no single environmental organization, but a number of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) are in force and are often mentioned in trade agreements. Regular Committee on Trade and the Environment The Committee on Trade and the Environment is the permanent forum for dialogue between governments on the impact of trade policy on the environment and environmental policy on trade. The committee established in 1995 followed a comprehensive work program. Since the WTO came into force in 1995, the WTO`s dispute resolution body has had to deal with a number of disputes over environmental trade measures. These measures have achieved a wide range of policy objectives, ranging from the conservation of sea turtles to occasional fishing in the commercial fishery, to the protection of human health from patterns of thinking related to air pollution.
WTO jurisprudence has confirmed that WTO rules do not prevail over environmental issues. In 2001, THE WTO dispute settlement allowed a member to maintain his ban on the import of asbestos in order to protect its citizens and construction workers. In the U.S. shrimp dispute, the WTO urged members to strengthen their environmental cooperation; It called for a cooperative environmental solution to be sought to protect sea turtles between the parties to the conflict. The issue of the environment has been treated differently in sub-regional integration systems. Free trade agreements differ in both the number of topics covered and the level of commitment of the parties. 1. The WTO provides a common institutional framework for the implementation of trade relations between its members in areas under the agreements and legal instruments attached to them.