There are three ways to hire an employer in Finland: if negotiations fail, the parties have the right to take strike or lockout measures, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Labour Disputes Act. While Norway generally has a stable and peaceful labour market and most wage negotiations are settled by mutual agreement between the parties concerned, strikes are taking place in both the private and public sectors. Full agreements are renegotiated every two years, but pay rates are revised in the interim years. As a result, annual negotiations take place at the sectoral level, with comparisons normally taking effect in April or May. Collective agreements (CBAs) are common in all Nordic countries. However, there are differences in the circumstances and to what extent they are binding on employers. In some Nordic countries, for example, collective agreements can be extended to certain sectors/sectors. In some cases, other general wage agreements apply to work performed in Norway under your contract. It is very important to specify which collective agreement applies to the site you will be working on in Norway. We can help you and find the agreement that applies to your business and the minimum wage, so please contact us if you would like more information. Inter-professional agreements are negotiated between different trade unions and trade union organisations, as well as by individual employers` organisations in the industries concerned and national employers` organisations.
As has already been said, in some rounds of negotiations, the Confederation of Trade Unions takes the lead and is the main negotiator in the actual centralised negotiations, while in others the various unions have more flexibility to negotiate separately. LO, since it is the largest association that chooses between these two approaches, although the national employers` organization may sometimes try to coordinate its response, even if LO envisages a more decentralized approach. In collective bargaining that takes place every two years (see below), negotiations are almost always centrally coordinated.6 Basic agreements at the highest level are negotiated between trade union confederations and national employers` organisations. As has already been said, there are separate agreements between the different national employers` organisations and the various trade union organisations. For example, LO has separate basic agreements with NHO, the main private sector employers` organization, Virke (formerly HSH), the main private service sector employers` organization, and 100,000,000 people, the employers` organization, which mainly represents privatized entities. The same is true for some variants for other trade union organisations that have their own basic agreements with employers` organisations. However, this is not the case in the public sector, where basic agreements are negotiated jointly with all trade union organisations. The basic agreement for the central government is signed by the trade union confederations Unio and Akademikerne, as well as LO Stat and YS Stat, the unions representing these workers in the LO and YS confederations. Similar provisions apply to the basic agreement with KS and mediation by local employers plays an important role in collective bargaining in Norway.